Advantages of the electric car
No air pollutants and no CO2 emissions when in use
Electric cars do not emit pollutants into the atmosphere when they drive. No NOx, fine particles, unburned hydrocarbons and other carbon monoxide, which are often blamed for their health impacts. There are, however, some particulate emissions from tires and brakes, emitted by all vehicles.
Switching to electric vehicles therefore has an immediate benefit for air quality in cities and near roads.
Electric vehicles do not emit CO2 during use either. And if the electricity used is low-carbon as in Belgium (230 g CO2/kWh) or France (60 g CO2/kWh) the carbon footprint of the electric car is better than that of a thermal car (petrol or diesel).A bright future
To limit global warming we need to reduce emissions by 80-95% by 2050 (compared to 1990). This includes drastically reducing the use of fossil fuels (diesel and petrol) for transport.
One of the technical solutions is to drive on electricity. Provided that the total number of vehicles on the road is reduced and that electricity is produced from renewable energy sources (solar, wind, etc.).
To give an idea, the number of electric cars in the world (including hybrids) should increase from 5.1 million in 2018 to 120 million in 2030 depending on the policies and measures planned by the States. This is the “New Policies Scenario”. A more voluntarist scenario, called EV30@30, imagines a 30% share of electric vehicles among new vehicles in 2030. This would result in 220 million electric cars (plus utility vehicles) by that date.Silencer
When it starts and when it drives, the electric car is almost silent. A real asset for the peace and quiet of cities. It is not the inhabitants close to the main roads that will contradict this. The snag: it can be dangerous for pedestrians who do not hear it coming. So be careful!
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Economical to use
It is known that current vehicles theoretically consume between 13 and 25 kWh/100 km (standard cycle). This amounts to a cost of $3.25 to $6.25 per 100 km (1 kWh costs $0.25 on average).
A petrol or diesel vehicle that theoretically consumes 5 l/100 km costs between $6 and $7 of fuel per 100 km.Low maintenance
The electric car requires little maintenance. The engine system is very simplified compared to an internal combustion vehicle (petrol, diesel or gas). There are a hundred times fewer rotating parts, there is no gearbox and no oil to change.
Thanks to regenerative braking (part of the kinetic energy is recovered and turned into electricity), the brakes are subject to much less stress and the brake pads need to be replaced less often than with an internal combustion car.
On the other hand, you may have to change the battery of your electric car, after 1000 to 1500 cycles of recharging or 8 to 10 years.the price of a new battery is very high: 8100 $ for the battery of a small car like Renault Zoe (52 kWh). In order to limit the replacement cost, some brands offer to lease the batteries rather than buy them.